Written from a first person perspective, I and My occur 11 times. Discussion of themes and motifs in William Shakespeare's Sonnet 130. eNotes critical analyses help you gain a deeper understanding of Sonnet 130 so you can excel on your essay or test. Share on facebook. Sonnet 130 is an unusual poem because it turns the idea of female beauty on its head and offers the reader an alternative view of what it's like to love a woman, warts and all, despite her shortcomings. A metaphor is an implicit comparison between two different things based on some similar quality. Preferences? She hasn't a musical voice; she uses her feet to get around. A simile is an explicit comparison between two different things based on some similar quality with the help of words like “as” or “like.”. So to the final couplet, a full rhyming affirmation of the speaker's love for the woman, his mistress. In order to stress his point, he starts with an alliterative soun… Then check out this video where we examine Sonnet 130! Similarly, his mistress is as beautiful as other women about whom people lie in their poetry. The purpose of this exaggeration is to highlight the absurdity of the conventional comparisons of humans’ breath with perfumes. The repetition of “you” in the poem shines the spotlight on the person to whom the poem’s speaker is speaking. The poet, openly contemptuous of his weakness for the woman, expresses his infatuation for her in negative comparisons. In the third quatrain, the speaker continues the same pattern of satire and mocks further traditional analogies. In the fourth line, the speaker compares his beloved’s hair to wires. He says that if snow stands as the standard for whiteness, his mistress’s breast does not qualify for such whiteness. Therefore, he has no knowledge of how the goddesses walk. An analysis of the most important parts of the poem Sonnet 130 by William Shakespeare, written in an easy-to-understand format. Because this is a love poem this is of great significance because red lips were supposed to be an exclusive attribute of female beauty, whilst wires refers to the Elizabethan fashion of threading golden wires through blonde hair, to increase appeal and looks. This device makes the poem appealing by giving it a rhyming effect. The sonnet is skillfully composed by Shakespeare using the understatement of irony. The tone of the poem is thoroughly satirical. The speaker opens the poem with the description of his mistress. The speaker (the poet) is again implying the ordinariness of his lover's looks and voice. Situation: Shakespeare's "Sonnet 130" is not a narrative poem, but rather is a love poem to his mistress. © document.write(new Date().getFullYear()); Lit Priest, Sonnet 130 Summary (My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun). my MIStress' EYES are NOthing LIKE the SUN The rest of the sonnet is: My mistress' eyes are nothing like the sun; Coral is far more red than her lips' red; If snow be white, why then her breasts are dun; If hairs be wires, black wires grow on her head. Sonnet 130 becomes more abstract as it progresses. He uses hyperbole and claims that his mistress’s breath reeks to highlight the difference between human breath and perfumes. Other lines are ambiguous and it is up to the reader to decide where the stresses/beats fall. He says that his mistress’s hair is not something extraordinary. William Shakespeare wrote “Sonnet 130” sometime in the mid-1590s, but it wasn’t published until 1609. Sonnet 130 is another example of Shakespeare’s treatment of the conventions of a sonnet. He says that his mistress’s eyes are not like sun and that her cheeks are not red like roses. He says that his love is not based on the physical beauty of his beloved. We will dissect the sonnet, line by line, in an effort to understand the poem’s true message. William Shakespeare is probably the most renowned writer in the history of English literature. The theme of this sonnet is romance, but it isn’t the conventional love poem were you praise your mistress and point out to the readers all the ways in which she is perfect and the best. The meter is that of iambic pentameter, characterized by unstressed-stressed foot. We have created a fixed definition of beauty for all of the humans of the world when they are very diverse. Humans should ready themselves to accept the world as it is with all its imperfections. Consonance is the repetition of the same consonant sound in a line. Furthermore, he declares that all those people that describe their beloveds’ beauty are liars. However, connecting roses with his mistress’s cheek seems irrational to him. His sonnets were published in a collection in 1609. Not so the woman of sonnet 130. The speaker questions the conventional depiction of beauty by asking these questions and negating them by saying that his mistress’s beauty is not of this level. He uses the word “reek,” which shows that the breath of his mistress is unpleasant at times. The rhyme scheme of this sonnet is traditional ababcdcdefefgg. But the equally important subject and theme of the poem is also the revolt against the worn-out symbols and the exaggerated metaphors of the Elizabethan love lyric. Sonnet 130is starkly different in theme than Shakespeare’s other sonnets. In being brutally open, candid and unconventional, the speaker has ironically given his mistress a heightened beauty, simply because he doesn't dote on her outward appearance. He considers her as much imperfect as other humans are. His mistress does not need to be as red as roses and as white as snow. The conventions of this genre were to follow a strict guideline of form and subject-matter. For example: When words beginning with the same consonants are close together in a phrase or line, as in lines: When the same or similar vowels in words are close together in a line or phrase, as in lines: Repeating words or phrases strengthens meaning and places special emphasis on them. It's there for all to see in the first line. Overall, it is presented as three differently rhymed quatrains and a concluding couplet. In those lines, the speaker takes time to elaborate on his love for his mistress. And in some perfumes is there more delight. Analysis and Interpretation of William Shakespeare’s “Sonnet 130” - English Language and Literature Studies / Literature - Essay 2010 - ebook 2.99 € - GRIN Being the 'upstart Crow' that he was, he couldn't help but mock the other writers who were sticking to the Petrarchan model. And she has dark hair that stands out like wires. Sonnet 130 is an English or Shakespearean sonnet of 14 lines made up of 3 quatrains and a rhyming couplet, which binds everything together and draws a conclusion to what has gone before. Sonnet 130 contains several literary devices that enhance the texture of the sound and reinforce certain tropes. This satire not only points out the idealism in poetry but also in all the fields of life. Popularity of “Sonnet 130”: William Shakespeare, a renowned English poet, playwright, and actor, “Sonnet 130” is a remarkable piece famous on account of its themes of love and appearance. Search. ‘Sonnet 56’ by William Shakespeare is a fourteen-line poem that is contained within one stanza. He goes on to describe another aspect of his mistress’s beauty by comparing her lips and cheeks to corals. Sonnet 130 is an English or Shakespearean sonnet of 14 lines made up of 3 quatrains and a rhyming couplet, which binds everything together and draws a conclusion to what has gone before. He also mocks the tradition of comparing one’s breast to snow and hair with golden wires. Therefore, he knows that his mistress cannot be compared to a goddess. The speaker of this poem is a realist lover. She speaks and walks normally. The ordinary beauty and humanity of his lover are important to Shakespeare in this sonnet, and he deliberately uses typical love poetry metaphors against themselves. Shakespeare doesn't hold back in his denial of his mistress's beauty. However, in doing so, he again claims that other lie when they unduly praise their beloveds. And yet, / by heaven, / I think / my love / as rare As an / y she / belied / with false / compare. In the eleventh line, there is another exaggerated alliteration. He employs some of the most common comparisons that were used by the sonneteers and points out the fact that it is not humanly possible to reach that level. Line 5 begins with an inverted iamb - a trochee - placing emphasis on the first person I. He says that he can neither claim that his mistress’s voice is more delightful nor can he say that she walks like goddesses. This clustering of similar sounds makes the poem appealing by giving it a rhyming effect. ... Shakespeare's Sonnet 130 (Analysis and Explanation) - Duration: 18:19. Some say that in Shakespeare's time the word reeks meant to emanate or rise, like smoke. Shakespeare’s sonnet 130 comprises of 14 lines; each line comprises of ten syllables. It uses different devices like hyperbole, metaphor, and simile, to emphasize the absurdity of idealism in love. wires - many females wore golden wires in their hair as a hallmark of beauty, damasked - variegated rose of pinky red and white. It parodies other sonnets of the Elizabethan era which were heavily into Petrarchan ideals, where the woman is continually praised and seen as beyond reproach. Shakespeare Sonnet 130 Analysis Essay. If we are not ready to accept the imperfections of humans, how can we love them? Line 3 is ambiguous. he is able to confess his alternative love. He maintains that comparing someone’s cheeks to roses is absurd as he has never seen roses in his mistress’s cheeks. Assonance is the repetition of the same vowel sound in a line. Can you help me identify which syllables are being stressed in sonnet 130? So sonnet 130 belongs to a subset of poems that delve into this relationship, expressing pain, delight, anguish and playfulness. It is indeed this blunt but charming sincerity that has made sonnet 130 one of the most famous in the sequence. This means that is made up of three quatrains , or sets of four lines, and one concluding couplet , … He does so by describing the features of his own mistress. In order to stress his point, he starts with an alliterative sound pattern in the first line. Instead, he will accept her for what she is, and that is the real and rare love.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'litpriest_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_2',102,'0','0'])); Shakespeare maintains that his mistress is not a goddess but a human, and he is content with it. This metaphor serves the purpose of creating an image in the mind of the reader. In the first quatrain, the speaker questions the idea of comparing humans to sun and corals. Shakespeare used this device to upset the normal flow of language and bring attention to the mid-point of the sonnet. In the third line of the quatrain, the speaker starts talking about perfumes. The “title” of the sonnet compares a woman’s eyes to the sun, which would normally mean that her eyes are bright and shiny. True love isn't reliant on some illusive notion of perfect beauty. Such idealism questions the very essence of love. He also uses the conventional iambic pentameter and the division of sonnet into three quatrains and a couplet. Sonnet 130 carries within it similar themes to those traditional sonnets - Female Beauty, The Anatomy and Love - but it approaches them in a thoroughly realistic way; there is no flowery, idealistic language. It describes the many facets of her character that he loves and admires her for. Most scholars refer to the first line of the sonnet as the title. Explication Analysis. Not only is the speaker being blatantly honest in this sonnet, he is being critical of other poets who put forward false claims about woman. Shakespeare Love Sonnets include Sonnet 18, Sonnet 130, and many more. He says that the redness of corals is far more than the redness of his mistress’s cheeks and lips. One of the major themes of the poem is love. It is an English or Shakespearean sonnet (sometimes also known as the Elizabethan). Rather, his love is based on true emotions and feelings. This section is just 13. By usurping Petrarchan ideals and highlighting the mistress's 'errors', the speaker arguably succeeds in strengthening the bonds of that love. Sonnet Analysis-Sonnet 130 by William Shakespeare I will be writing about “Sonnet 130” that was written in 1609 by William Shakespeare.The theme of this sonnet is romance, but it isn’t the conventional love poem were you praise your mistress and point out to the readers all the ways in which she is perfect and the best. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'litpriest_com-banner-1','ezslot_4',105,'0','0']));One of the major themes of the poem is love. My mis / tress' eyes / are noth / ing like / the sun;Coral / is far / more red / than her / lips' red; If snow / be white, / why then / her breasts / are dun; If hairs / be wires, / black wires / grow on / her head.I have / seen ro / ses dam / asked, red / and white, But no / such ro / ses see / I in / her cheeks; And in / some per / fumes is / there more / delight Than in / the breath / that from / my mis / tress reeks. The first twelve lines make three quatrains with an alternate sound pattern, and the last two lines make a rhyming couplet. Sonnet 130: My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun Summary. In the third line, the speaker compares the whiteness of his mistress’s breast with the whiteness of snow. Her breath reeks, which may mean stinks or may mean rises. The speaker appears to have some kind of emotional bond with his mistress. The speaker satirizes all the set traditions of elaborated comparisons between one’s beloved and the symbols of beauty. Il sonetto 130 di William Shakespeare, My mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun, è uno dei testi più famosi inclusi nella raccolta dei Sonnets, pubblicata nel 1609. The poem is a satire on the conventions of idealizing one’s beloved. The first pattern is made by the words “be” and “black,” while the  second is made by the words “hair,” “her,” and “head.” This type of repetitive sounds at the start of the words exhibits the disagreement of the speaker with this type of comparison. In the first line of the poem, the sound /s/ is repeated three times. Some of those roses were red, some were white, and some were grayish pink. They were addressed to a young male. In this sense sonnet 130 is an anomaly, a unique poem that flouts the rules of convention and breaks new ground in the process. Sonnet 130 satirizes the concept of ideal beauty that was a convention of literature and art in general during the Elizabethan era. "Sonnet 130" was written by the English poet and playwright William Shakespeare. However, while the narrator's honesty in sonnet 130 may seem commendable, we must not forget that Shakespeare himself was a master of the compliment and frequently made use of the very same sorts of exaggerated comparisons satirized here. In fact, women are almost deified in many sonnets. Sonnets in the Spotlight Sonnet 130 is the poet's pragmatic tribute to his uncomely mistress, commonly referred to as the dark lady because of her dun complexion. The first part consists of 126 sonnets. The very first line of the poem starts with an alliterative sound pattern where the speaker utters the word “My mistress’.” This type of start suggests the urgency in the speaker’s tone and shows that he is desperately trying to say convince the readers. In the second quatrain, the speaker describes the different aspects of his mistress’s beauty by comparing her to roses and perfume. He describes his beloved features that are not so attractive. In Shakespeare's time the ideal woman was white, slender, blonde haired, red-lipped, bright-eyed and had silky smooth white skin. MY MIStress, when SHE walks, TREADS on the GROUND. The rhetorical structure of Sonnet 130 is important to its effect. Shakespeare wrote 154 sonnets in total, with sonnets 127 - 154 addressed to the mysterious 'Dark Lady', a possible real-life lover of the poet. The poem addresses the problem of stereotyping the beauty of females by setting unreachable standards for it. Note the comma in both lines, a parallel, so the reader has to pause, breaking the rhythm, telling us that this is no ordinary poetic journey. I love / to hear / her speak, / yet well / I know That mu / sic hath / a far / more plea / sing sound; I grant / I nev / er saw / a god / dess go;My mis / tress, when / she walks, / treads on / the ground. He also uses the conventional iambic pentameter and the division of sonnet into three quatrains and a couplet. The moments, when his mistress talks to him, are a source of delight for him. Certainly in the context of the previous line - some perfume - the latter meaning seems more likely. At the same time, the breath of his mistress is also pleasurable. Rather, it will make the females inferior for not achieving the ideal standards of beauty. Share on linkedin. How can someone’s walk match the walk of goddesses? Still, he loves her with all his heart. Like many other sonnets from the same period, Shakespeare's poem wrestles with beauty, love, and desire. No airs and graces from his mistress. However, there are lines which differ from this steady, plodding beat. He says that the sun is far more bright and beautiful than the ordinary eyes of his mistress. Internal rhymes create resonance and echoes, binding lines and meaning and sounds. He describes the flaws in his mistress’s beauty and stresses that his mistress is human and prone to imperfections. There is a subtle but noticeable difference in rhythm between these two. Though most likely written in the 1590s, the poem wasn't published until 1609. When he addresses the black lady in his last twenty sonnets, he does not alleviate her to the status of gods. Technical analysis of Sonnet 130 literary devices and the technique of William Shakespeare

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